I teach git and often have issues with bad projectors where you can't see the colours. Recently I had a setup where even white on black was more or less invisible, but using black text on a white background worked okay. There's lots of documentation on how to turn on colours in git but not so much about how to turn them off.
Try putting the following into
[color] branch = false diff = false interactive = false status = false
I had expected to be able to set
color.ui to false but that didn't seem to make much difference, so I now use the settings above. I thought I'd drop it here in case anyone else is looking for the same thing.