Using Charles To Debug PHP SOAP

I used this trick to solve a particularly sticky problem last week, so I thought I'd share. I had a 3rd party SOAP service (except it was actually a .NET WCF service, which is almost SOAP but not quite) which didn't behave in accordance with the way its documentation said it would. PHP's SoapClient has the ability to enable tracing and give information about the request/response headers/body, which is useful, but I needed to store the outputs and also rewrite a particular request header during the course of debugging this. Enter: Charles Proxy.

I wrote about Charles at length on TechPortal recently, so if you're new to Charles that would be a good place to learn more. I set up Charles to proxy requests on port 8888, and I was running the PHP scripts on the same machine. To set the proxy, I simply added some entries to the $options array that gets passed to the SoapClient constructor:

$options = array(
    "cache_wsdl" => WSDL_CACHE_NONE,
    "soap_version" => SOAP_1_1,
    "trace" => 1,
    "proxy_host" => "localhost",
    "proxy_port" => 8888,
);

$client = new SoapClient($wsdl, $options);

The specific bits that are relevant to proxying through Charles here are the proxy_host and proxy_port settings, this sends these SOAP requests through port 8888 on my local machine, which is where Charles is listening for proxy activity. This means that I can easily keep one eye on the detail of the request without having large headers or SOAP responses all over my output or in the logs. As I mentioned earlier, there was also a moment where we thought that PHP was sending some incorrect headers (it wasn't) and I was able to use Charles to rewrite just those headers, which helped us to see that this wasn't the problem. You can also set a stream_context option to set any specific HTTP-related settings you need to, but some headers such as Content-Type will be ignored as the SOAP extension has clear ideas on which to send.

I hope that helps someone working with a remote SOAP service, they aren't always easy to debug but this is one of many tools in my box so I thought I'd share.

4 thoughts on “Using Charles To Debug PHP SOAP

    • I can't tell you how thankful I am for Charles, it has saved my bacon more than once. Thank you for your work, great product!

  1. I've used Charles for debugging data sent directly from/to the client, but never this way. Great thinking! I imagine it to be used for other sorts of server calls as well. Thanks for the tip!

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